Nanotechnology for Civil and Construction Industry
Nanotechnology has the potential to significantly alter material properties, resulting in better performance and novel usefulness.
In the building sector, nanotechnology offers a wide range of uses. Nanotechnology has the potential to improve the primary properties of traditional construction materials (e.g. concrete), add functionality to existing materials (e.g. paints/coatings or glass could gain self-cleaning, antimicrobial, and pollution-reducing properties), and introduce ‘‘new" materials to meet existing needs.
The use of nanoparticles in cementitious materials can help to increase structural efficiency, durability, and strength, as well as the quality and lifetime of constructions. The usage of nanoscale industrial waste-based cement substitutes can help to minimise CO2 emissions from concrete production.
Structure stability can be achieved using nanotechnology by analysing a variety of measurements from sensors such as displacement transducers, accelerometers, strain gauges, and temperature sensors, which provide an array of real-time data that can be continuously monitored from a central location to provide detailed insight into the state of a structure.
Because of the surfaces' superhydrophobicity, only a small amount of water is required to create a very thin, continuous film using nanomaterials, resulting in surfaces that can reduce air conditioner use and associated energy consumption, as well as reduce heat island phenomena common in cities and urban areas.
Here are the Job Opportunities
Research Scientist (Physical Sciences)
Civil Engineering Technologist
Process/Product Development Scientist
Building Service Engineers
How Nanotechnology Is Bringing Change
super-hydrophobic surface developed by NSTC
The thoughts and ideas driving Nano Science and nanotechnology began with a discussion named "There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom" by physicist Richard Feynman at an American Physical Society meeting at the California Institute of Technology on December 29, 1959, some time before the term nanotechnology was utilized.
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Latest Research topics in Civil And Constructional sector
The latest trend in civil engineering is more about Smart Material, Sustainable Construction, and Energy Efficient Structures and thus, redefining their roles as Innovators.
Buildings with New Passive Cooling
With an unnatural weather change kicking in and rising ocean levels uprooting millions to bone-dry districts, there should be significantly more cooling of structures.
Various technology infused concrete for next gen construction like Green concrete, Ultra high performance concrete, Electronically conductive concrete, Ultra (light and) high strength concrete, Eco-friendly concrete, Fiber introduction in concrete, etc.
Steel characteristics can be improved by the use of nanotechnology. By utilizing nanoparticles, fatigue that leads to structural failure of steel due to cyclic loads, such as in bridges or towers, can be avoided.
Nanomaterials like SiO2, Carbon Nano Tubes and Aluminum oxide are generally utilized as fire retardant materials to secure the surfaces like metal, wood, plastic and concrete from the effect of high temperature.
Hybrid SOLAR CELL
The development of fuel cells and photovoltaic panels is the most promising application in the areas of energy and environment leading to sustainable building. Plastic solar cells have been the subject of a lot of research in recent years.
Diverse nanomaterials used to deliver proficient and feasible development materials are Silica and Nano clays, Nano Iron (Fe2O3), Nano Alumina Al2O3, CuO, Zinc Oxides, and Titanium Oxides. Varieties of these essential materials are created and utilized broadly.
Benefits of Learning about Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology is one of the most stimulating frontiers in medicine, renewable energy, and agribusiness. According to Research and Markets, the global nanotechnology industry might be worth around $174 billion by 2025, after expanding at an 18.1 percent compound annual growth rate between 2016 and 2025. Its emerging applications in the three businesses indicated above, as well as a slew of others, could bolster essential interest in linked developments, allowing for a variety of positions along the way.
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Essential Takeaways for Civil Engineering students:
- B. Tech students to have insights on what are the latest developments across globe
- M. Tech students can find interesting Research topics to work and solve Civil / construction Industrial challenges
- Researchers can find better ways to handle mission critical research and develop path breaking products.
- Opportunity to write and Publish Research Project and Get Live Industry relevant challenges to work on.
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Get to know real-time environmental Issues
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- Under-Graduates (B. Sc., B.Tech., B.E)
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- Industrial people/ Researchers/ Academicians
Streams: Civil, Architecture, Physics, Chemistry, Nanoscience & Technology, Materials Science, Metallurgy, Textile, Polymer, Chemical.
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The Featured Projects
Project customized specially for civil engineering stakeholders who wish to upgrade their skills as per industry
NANOMATERIAL PRODUCTION AND CERTIFICATION
The Program Nanotechnology in Waste to Nano-material Production & Industrial Certification is an advanced program meant to enhance the knowledge base of participants in the area of production of Nano-material from various waste products.
Nanotechnology In Renewable Energy
This program aims to shine light on the third generation solar cells, as it is the only renewable form of energy which encompasses the use of nanotechnology. Here we shall discuss in detail how nanotechnology is used in third generation solar cells, their individual components, fabrication strategies, and their future.
SILICON NANOSTRUCTURE & CARBON NANOTUBES
The most of the innovation and funding in Nanotechnology research came from Electronics giants. Manufacturing and marketing of Nano gadgets started from the computers and mobiles which are the only machines made at Nano scale that were available economically.