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Nanotechnology: Transforming the Automobile Industry

What's the role of nanotechnology in mechanical & Automation?

Every aspect of nanotechnology has advanced in the recent decade, including nanoparticles and powders, nanolayers and coatings, electrical, photonic, and mechanical nanodevices, and nanostructure biological materials. Nanotechnology is expected to have a significant impact in all disciplines of science and technology in the next 20-30 years.


Nanocoating refers to the process of applying a nanometer-scale layer to a material or covering a nanoscaled substance.


Nanotechnology could help reduce the size of gear, which would reduce the amount of fuel used to get it to fly.


From fuel cells to catalytic converters and photocatalytic devices, potential nanoparticles are used in catalysis.

Automobile Industry

Nanotechnology will play a significant role in sparkplugs. Nanomaterials are being evaluated for use in sparkplugs because they are the most grounded, tougher, and wear resistant.

Fuel Tanks

Recent research has discovered a significant reduction in fuel transmission through nanomaterials when nanoclay filler is joined. As a result, these materials are regarded as gas tank and fuel line segments for automobiles.

Corrosion Protection

Surface coatings protect metals and alloys from corrosion, and they should be resistant to both mechanical and chemical attack. Because of their greater hardness and flexibility, nanomaterials are scratch resistant.

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What Makes Nanotechnology  so Different?

  • Nanomaterials exhibit unique physical and chemical properties.
  • Gas-tight materials, dense components, and porous coatings have all been made with nanosized metallic powders.
  • Nanophase ceramics are of particular interest because, as compared to coarse-grained ceramics, they are more ductile at high temperatures.
  • Luminescence in silicon powders and silicon germanium quantum dots as infrared optoelectronic devices are examples of non-linear optical features of nanostructured semiconductors.
  • The optical and magnetic characteristics of nanostructured materials have improved.
  • Nanomaterials have a very high surface area to volume ratio due to their microscopic dimensions.

Future Scope of Nanotechnology in Mechanical & Automation Industry

Nanomaterials can considerably improve the safety and longevity of transportation vehicles due to their unique physical and chemical properties.


The use of hydrophobic nano coating technology to produce a car that cleans itself. This carefully created high-tech nano paint repels water and oil when applied to the exterior of a car, producing a protective layer between the car body and the environment.


People could change the color of their car in a fraction of a second with nano paints at the touch of a button! Nano paints can produce the entire spectrum of colors due to their ability to reflect light.


The first and most significant advantage of nanotechnology applications is the ability to create lighter and stronger materials. The fuel consumption of automobiles could be drastically reduced as a result of weight reduction.


The reduction of pollutants emissions from engines has recently become the most highlighted concern in the transportation industry for environmentally friendly technology. To do this, a coating of aluminium nanoparticles could be applied to the cylinder walls to reduce friction.

Various Job Opportunities

Research Scientist
Principal Scientist
Executive Mech. Engineer
Manufacturing Engineers
Nanotech-Research Asst.
Associate Mech. Engineer
Research Assistant
Project Associates
R&D Engineer 

Recommended Courses

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This program aims to shine light on the third generation solar cells, as it is the only renewable form of energy which encompasses the use of nanotechnology. Here we shall discuss in detail how nanotechnology is used in third generation solar cells, their individual components, fabrication strategies, and their future.

Nanotechnology has affected nearly every field of Engineering and Science but most of the innovation and funding in Nanotechnology came from Electronics giants. Marketing and making of Nano gadgets started from the computers and mobiles which are the only machines made at Nano scale that were available economically in the market at a very early stage.

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